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April 2021

News and Updates

 
New publications
Call for contributions
Earth Day
Earth Day is a day to draw attention to the state of the Earth and foster awareness and support for environmental protection. Earth Day helps us recognize the impact that all human activity has on changes in our climate and ecosystems, including the oceans. It is also an opportunity to take stock and remember how much we depend on our oceans, from local to global scales. This day reminds us that marine life and ecosystems need to be protected in light of drivers of change such as climate change. In short, Earth Day is a call for environmental sustainability of fisheries and oceans – an opportunity for us to step up and act as stewards of these resources, making sure they are there for both the current and future generations.
 
This newsletter celebrates Earth Day by drawing attention to interconnected governance challenges, which we will continue to explore as we are preparing for the Getting IT Right Dialogue in 2022.
Learn more
Earth Day Pop Up
An Earth Day Pop Up is a sneak-peek into the diverse and interdisciplinary world of OFI research. This month we are showcasing five research studies that involve OFI researchers and collaborators.
What is happening in the Labrador Sea?
The answer takes us into a mystery explored by Dr. Brad de Young, OFI's Transforming Ocean Observations
Freshwater is important for understanding how oceans operate. Changes to the amount of freshwater in the Northwest Atlantic have long-term implications for the future of fisheries off the Newfoundland and Labrador’s coasts and beyond. In a recent edition of the CBC’s Broadcast Dr. Brad de Young explains how freshwater, coming from thousands of kilometers away in the Beaufort Sea, ends up in the Labrador Sea where it mixes with freshwater from melting Arctic ice and run off from rivers. Research conducted in OFI shows how the Labrador Sea is a nexus point for ocean water turning over, a key process for how much warmth and salinity move through the ocean toward the south. Dr. de Young explains that too much water weakens that turn over, potentially leading to dramatic changes in the climate of the North Atlantic. OFI researchers like Dr. de Young are on the frontlines of this growing body of science investing unusually cooler and fresher waters in the Labrador Sea and its implications for the future of marine life and the marine sectors that depend on it.
Learn more
Our ocean and oil
by Dr. Uta Passow , OFI’s The Northwest Atlantic Biological Carbon Pump Comics created by Andy Warner, commissioned by Dr. Passo
Our society is very oil dependent: we heat with it, we use oil products to drive, fly and run machines, and all the plastic we so frequently use is made from oil. As long as we need oil in our lives, there is a chance of oil spill accidents. When oil is spilled into the water, responders make decisions on how best to minimize the damage to the marine environment, organisms, and humans. Currently the Canadian Government is researching and developing adequate oil spill response plans, so as to be prepared when a disaster happens.
Learn more
Presenting a way to communicate spatial distribution of weather/ocean hazards, and compare certain aspects of OHS risk between regions/seasons
by Dr. Joel Finnis, OFI’s Future Ocean and Coastal Health (FOCI)
Marine occupations are plagued by some of the highest accident and mortality rates of any occupation; due in part to the variety and severity of environmental hazards presented by the ocean environment. In order to better study and communicate the potential impacts of these hazards on occupational health and safety, a semi-objective, hazard-focused climatology of a particularly dangerous marine environment (Northwestern Atlantic) has been developed. Our approach is proposed as an effective means to summarize and communicate marine risk with stakeholders, and a potential framework for describing climate change impacts.
Learn more
From coast to coast to coast: ecology and management of seagrass ecosystems across Canada
by Grace E.P. Murphy et al.
Seagrass meadows are among the most productive and diverse marine ecosystems. They are also among the most impacted by human activities and in urgent need of better management and protection. In Canada, eelgrass meadows are found along the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic coasts, and thus occur across a wide range of geographic conditions. There is considerable variation in the types and severity of human activities among regions. The impacts of coastal development are prevalent in all regions, while other impacts are of concern for specific regions, for example nutrient loading in the Atlantic.
Learn more
Food and initial size influence overwinter survival and condition of a juvenile marine fish
by Emilie A. Geissinger, Robert S. Gregory, Benjamin J. Laurel, and Paul V.R. Snelgrove
This study examines the relationship between first-year survivability of Atlantic cod and food availability. In subarctic Newfoundland, first-year Atlantic cod settle into coastal habitats in the summer-autumn time period. Low winter temperatures and potential decreases in food availability pose challenges for these young fish.
Learn more
New publications
New paper offers a principled governance of seafood trade policy as a just way forward for fisheries in Newfoundland and Labrador
by Jack Daly and Ratana Chuenpagdee
Former TBTI and OFI Master of Arts in Geography student Jack Daly and OFI Module I Lead Ratana Chuenpagdee published a recent article in Ocean & Coastal Management on their research into trade policy and its effect on Newfoundland and Labradors fisheries. Daly and Chuenpagdee’s article, titled "Community Responses to International Trade Policy: a Newfoundland Case Study,” presents the results from interviews and policy analysis that took place on the Great Northern Peninsula in Newfoundland and Labrador during the summer of 2018.
Learn More
Governing in an uncertain time: the case of Sakura shrimp fishery, Japan
by Yinji Li and Ratana Chuenpagdee
Known as the “Jewel of Suruga Bay,” Sakura shrimp has long been an important fishery that supports the economy of the local communities in Suruga Bay, Shizuoka, Japan. The fishery experienced an unprecedented decline in 2018, with the catch volume falling to 312 mt, which is about one-fourth of the average catch from 2010 to 2017. This has led to the questioning of the pooling system, considered an effective management system in the long history of the fishery. Drawing on informal discussion with key stakeholders involved in the fishery and field observation, the paper discusses the nature of the problem and proposes transdisciplinarity as a new lens for governing the shrimp fishery in a time of uncertainty.
Read Now
Coastal Fishers Livelihood Behaviors and Their Psychosocial Explanations: Implications for Fisheries Governance in a Changing World
by Evan Andrews, Sarah Wolfe, Prateep Nayak and Derek Armitage
This research, led by OFI postdoctoral research fellow Evan Andrews, is a critical examination of the behavioral foundations of livelihood pathways over a 50-year time period in a multispecies fishery in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. This analysis draws on 26 narrative interviews with fishers who have pursued two or more fish species currently or formerly. Research findings emphasize the need for scientists, policy-makers, and managers to incorporate psychosocial evidence along with social science about fisher behavior into their models, policy processes, and management approaches.
Learn More
Call for Contributions
'Thinking Big About Small-Scale Fisheries in Canada' - A new e-book by current and former OFI Module I team members
by Evan Andrews, Jack Daly and Christine Knott
The e-book 'Thinking Big About Small-Scale Fisheries in Canada' edited by Evan Andrews, Jack Daly and Christine Knott calls for research and perspectives on small-scale fisheries in Canada. The editors are seeking contributions in the form of written essays and stories (up to 4,000 words) with visual images, videos, and/or audio recordings that describe challenging changes and opportunities to address and anticipate change in local governance. Topics of the essays and stories can include economic, social and cultural contributions of Canadian small-scale fisheries to communities and economies at the local, national and global level. The editors are also interested in historical or recent policies and institutions changes, which may have shifted and shaped small-scale fisheries in Canada. Finally, they welcome contribution about efforts, strategies, and local governance taken by all actors to address these changes.
 
Submit an expression of interest as an e-mail attachment to evana@mun.ca by April 9, 2021.
Submit contribution
Submit a session for the 'Small-Scale Fisheries Open House’ at the 2021 World Ocean Week
This June OFI, together with TBTI Global and a number of other international organizations, is once again celebrating the World Ocean Week (WOW). As part of our ‘Small-Scale Fisheries Open House’ event, we’re inviting groups, organizations or networks that represent or work with small-scale fishing communities to organize a session. The session can cover any small-scale fishery topic in a country, countries,  or in a region, as long as it is situated within the broad context of 'Life an livelihoods', the official theme of the 2021 WOW. The open house will also help shape two major events next year, the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in 2022 and the 4th World Small-Scale Fisheries Congress.
 
The format is flexible. It can be a mixture of live and pre-recorded presentations. It can include any combination of interviews, discussions, panels, video-clips, performances, arts, music or any other ideas. Your show can be either 30, 60, 90 or 120 minutes. Send a short synopsis of your ideas (about 100 words) to tbti.global@gmail.com, and we’ll work with you to make it happen.
 
The number of session slots is limited so we strongly encourage you to submit the expression of interests before April 15.
Learn more
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OFI Governance · Memorial University of Newfoundland · Alexander Murray Building, Room ER2003 · St. John's, NL A1B 3X5 · Canada

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