Update - The Hague Program for Cyber Norms - April 2020
Message from The Hague Program for Cyber Norms

We hope you are doing well, and that you and your family and friends are healthy and safe during these challenging times, when many of us are working and teaching remotely, in addition to home-schooling, caring for loved ones and various other commitments.

Here at The Hague Program for Cyber Norms, we have for now postponed most of our activities planned for the Spring semester. Our incoming Visiting Fellows will hopefully be able to reschedule and join us later this year in The Hague, but their lectures are postponed as are our other workshops, meetings and conferences.

As you can see from today's newsletter, we do hope we will be able to meet in person again in November for our third annual conference in The Hague. We look forward to discussing and debating -  in keynotes, panels and during coffee breaks - responsible (state) behaviour in cyberspace, this time focusing on fragmentation, polarization and hybridity. Our Call for Papers is out as of today: we look forward to receiving your abstracts!

Stay safe and healthy,
The Hague Program for Cyber Norms team

Call for Papers | Moving Forward: Fragmentation, Polarization and Hybridity in Cyberspace
Fragmentation, polarization and hybridity are setting the scene for the debate about responsible state behavior in cyberspace. These developments are neither new, nor fully understood, but they are set to play an important role on how to move forward in the diplomatic processes on international security and cyberspace.

In 2020, we hope to take the conversation about cyber norms further by taking these three macro-level developments – fragmentation, polarization and hybridity – and linking them to the need to move forward in this debate, as the general theme for the third annual academic conference of The Hague Program for Cyber Norms.

The key to understanding the development of norms in cyberspace lies in bringing together various disciplines that relate to the theme in a broad sense. This call for papers is therefore open to extended abstracts from a wide range of academic disciplines. Accepted contributors are eligible for funding for travel and lodging.

The complete call for papers is available on our website. The call is open until 31 May 2020 and the conference itself is planned to take place on 10-11 November 2020 in The Hague. Read on...


Policy Brief | Three tales of attribution in cyberspace
In this policy brief, Dennis Broeders, Els De Busser and Patryk Pawlak discuss attribution in cyberspace from three different perspectives: criminal law, international law and policy. This is a joint publication with EU Cyber Direct and can be downloaded on our website. Read on...

Policy Brief | Application of international law to cyber operations
In this policy brief, Przemyslaw Roguski offers a comparative analysis of seven States on how international law applies to cyber operations. The brief discusses observable trends, commonalities and differences between the analysed States in their understanding of the applicability of international law to cyber operations. The brief can be downloaded on our website. Read on...

Journal article | Deterritorializing Cyber Security and Warfare in Palestine: Hackers, Sovereignty, and the National Cyberspace as Normative
In this article for the journal CyberOrient, our postdoctoral researcher Fabio Cristiano explores how different cybersecurity strategies – implemented by the Israeli government, the Palestinian Authority, and Hamas – intersect and produce a cyberspace characterized by territorial annexation, occupation, and blockadeRead on...


Commentary | Cyber Norms and the United Nations
In this new article for the Italian Institute for International Political Studies (ISPI), Senior Fellow Dennis Broeders and Fabio Cristiano discuss the role of the United Nations as a normative power when it comes to responsible state behaviour in cyberspace. Read on...

Interview | François Delerue on his Visiting Fellowship
François Delerue joined us from 13 to 21 February 2020 for a Visiting Fellowship. We sat down with him to hear about his fellowship experience. Read on...


Report | Is the GCC cyber resilient?
How would the states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) respond to a serious cyber incident? In this new Chatham House report, Joyce Hakmeh and Associate Fellow James Shires ask whether the GCC is cyber resilient. Read on...
Latest entries in our Cyber Norms Bibliography Complete bibliography found here. Please send any additions or suggestions to
About us

The Hague Program for Cyber Norms is a research program at Leiden University in The Hague, The Netherlands, which focuses on the development and implementation of cyber norms. We ask how norms are and can be applied to support cyber security, stability and peace. Our Program is an independent and inclusive platform that welcomes academic and non-academic partners. We invite international thinkers and practitioners to apply critical thinking to the cyber peace and security issues. The platform is open for cooperation to all interested universities and scholars.

For more information, visit our website.

Copyright © 2020 The Hague Program on International Cyber Security / Institute of Security and Global Affairs, All rights reserved.

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