Update - The Hague Program for Cyber Norms - April 2021
Call for Papers | 2021 Conference on Cyber Norms
Governing through crisis. Conflict, crises and the politics of cyberspace.

In cyberspace, crisis comes in many shapes and forms. Mis- and disinformation has created a crisis of trust in information and authority in many societies. For some states this is a governance problem, while for others it is an instrument of governance. Escalation can be a conscious political strategic choice, disinformation a policy tool and political and diplomatic fragmentation can be a positive outcome depending on where you stand and what your interests are.

In 2021, we want to place the conversation about cyber norms in the perspective of crises for our fourth annual academic conference, taking place from 9-11 November 2021 in The Hague. Accepted contributors are eligible for funding for travel and lodging (in case travel and in-person attendance is possible).

The key to understanding the development of norms in cyberspace lies in bringing together various disciplines that relate to the theme in a broad sense. This call for papers is therefore open to extended abstracts from a wide range of academic disciplines. We explicitly welcome contributions from early career scholars.

More information and the complete call for papers here.


15 April | Rethinking cyber espionage after the SolarWinds hack

Dennis Broeders will host a panel discussion on Thursday 15 April, 16:00-17:30 (CET) with Russell Buchan, Ciaran Martin and Ellen Nakashima on the significance of of the SolarWinds hack for our understanding of cyber espionage, the different state responses in light of their broader strategic relevance and implications for normative behaviour in cyberspace. More information and registration...

New article | Private active cyber defense and (international) cyber security - pushing the line?

New article by Dennis Broeders, as part of a special issue of Journal of Cybersecurity, based on a selection of contributions from our 2019 conference. Read on...



New article | Restraint under conditions of uncertainty: Why the United States tolerates cyber attacks

New article by Monica Kaminska, as part of a special issue of Journal of Cybersecurity, based on a selection of contributions from our 2019 conference. Read on...

Dennis Broeders appointed as Full Professor of Global Security and Technology at Leiden University

Senior Fellow Dennis Broeders has been appointed as Full Professor of Global Security and Technology at Leiden University's Institute of Security and Global Affairs (ISGA). In this interview he talks about ISGA and his ambitions for the chair.



New blog | Risk Aversion Is at the Heart of the Cyber Response Dilemma

Monica Kaminska writes about how Western countries view the cyber domain as a highly uncertain and potentially escalatory environment, which takes more forceful response options off the table for the Council of Foreign Relations' Net Politics blogRead on...

European Cyber Agora

The Hague Program for Cyber Norms joins the European Cyber Agora initiative, a new inclusive multistakeholder initiative for a digital Europe, organized by Microsoft from 2 to 3 June as a virtual event. Read more...



Introducing new Associate Fellows

We have been joined the past few months by several new Non-Resident Associate Fellows: Enrico Calandro, François Delerue and Bart HogeveenRead on...
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Latest entries in our Cyber Norms Bibliography Complete bibliography found here. Please send any additions or suggestions to
About us

The Hague Program for Cyber Norms is a research program at Leiden University in The Hague, The Netherlands, which focuses on the development and implementation of cyber norms. We ask how norms are and can be applied to support cyber security, stability and peace. Our Program is an independent and inclusive platform that welcomes academic and non-academic partners. We invite international thinkers and practitioners to apply critical thinking to the cyber peace and security issues. The platform is open for cooperation to all interested universities and scholars.

For more information, visit our website.

Copyright © 2021 The Hague Program for Cyber Norms / Institute of Security and Global Affairs, All rights reserved.

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