1st edition, Summer 2018

Message from the Executive Secretary

This is the first issue of this Newsletter created with the goal to inform all major stakeholders on the status of the ongoing activities of the Second Phase of The Hague International Space Resources Governance Working Group and increase interaction with them.
The second phase of the Working Group started in January 2018 and members' participation was based on an open call.
The first meeting, last April,  saw a record participation demonstrating the interest and credibility of the Group. 
Two panels are being established: a Technical  and Socio-Economical Panel, performing  a reality check of the Building Blocks issued in the First Phase.  Their findings shall be provided to the Working Group.
Outreach activities on the results achieved are being conducted by the  Consortium Partners around the world and will also be reported in this Newsletter together with some specific topic of interest relevant to Space Resources.

Giuseppe Reibaldi

Second Phase 2018-2019

Since January 2018 the Working Group is undergoing its second phase of activities until the end of 2019. Read here the final report of its first phase.
In January 2018 the Working Group began its second phase of activities, which will continue until the end of 2019. Read here the final report of its first phase.

Draft Building Blocks

The Draft Building Blocks for the Development of an International Framework on Space Resource Activities, introduced in September 2017, are open for comments until 15 October 2018. In order to encourage feedback, an online questionnaire has been created. Remarks can also be submitted via email to

23-24 April, Meeting in Leiden

The first face-to-face meeting of the second phase took place in Leiden from 23 to 24 April 2018. It was attended by the majority of members and a great number of observers.

The meeting participants discussed the feedback received so far on the Draft Building Blocks and decided to extend the deadline for public consultation to 15 October 2018.

Part of the programme included presentations from members and observers on technical matters, in order to foster the knowledge of the Working Group on the relevant matters. Prof. Ian Crawford (Birbeck College) spoke about the scientific aspects of the Moon and Asteroid Missions and Dr. John Rummel (COSPAR) focused on planetary protection. Dr. Peter Stibrany (Deep Space Industries) explained the technical challenges of Asteroids missions, while Mr. Kyle Acierno (ispace) focused on the same subject from the perspective of lunar missions. Later on, Dr. Mathias Link (Ministry of the Economy, Luxembourg) presented the scientific and operational aspects of the activities of Luxembourg. Finally, Prof. Angel Abbud-Madrid (Colorado School of Mines) explained the learning curve ranging from exploration to technology and to commerce. The technical presentations served as basis for further discussion and addressed among others the following issues: space-based economy and the economic case for in situ use, water and other resources available on the Moon and on asteroids, the value of importing resources to Earth, environmental ethics and protection of the outer space environment, planetary protection policies, national strategies for space resource utilisation, and the market and value chain of space resource utilisation.

The next meeting will take place in Luxembourg from 29 to 30 November 2018. More information will follow in the coming months.

Technical Panel

In order to address technical issues connected to space resource activities and provide technical assessment of the Draft Building Blocks, the Working Group has established a Technical Panel composed of representatives from academia, space agencies and the industry. The Technical Panel reported its preliminary findings and comments to the Working Group during the April meeting. 

The Chairman of the Technical Panel, Mr. Kyle Acierno, presented some of its preliminary findings. In order to carry out reality check on the content of the Draft building Blocks, the Technical Panel considered two reference mission scenarios, one for the Moon and one for asteroids. It also divided each mission into a pre-exploration phase and an exploration phase. Some of the remarks that came up during the panel's discussions concerned the details for attribution of priority rights, the technical aspects of establishing safety zones and the clarification of some of the mentioned definitions.

Past events

On 8 August 2018 the Indonesian Centre for Air and Space Law organised in Jakarta a regional workshop in cooperation with the Indonesian National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN). The event focused on the exploitation and utilisation of space resources and the legal aspects of space resource activities. The purpose of the workshop was to raise awareness on issues concerning space resource exploration and identify potential opportunities for ASEAN countries to participate to relevant activities. 
SpaceLab, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Member and Consortium Partner, Prof. Peter Martinez (SpaceLab, University of Cape Town) delivered a presentation on space resource utilisation and the developments of the Working Group on 26 February, in the framework of the Space and Society course of the Master of Space Studies of the University of Cape Town, South Africa. The pictures include some of the students and officials from the Department of Trade and Industry and the South African Council for Space Affairs who attended the event. Dr. Annette Froelich, ESPI Resident Fellow, and Greg Olsen, ISS Crew 2005, were guest presenters. 
The Working Group, in cooperation with the University of Vienna organised a side event on 13 April on the occasion of the discussion of agenda item "15.General exchange of views on potential legal models for activities in exploration, exploitation and utilization of space resources" during the 57th session of the Legal Subcommittee of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space with the purpose to raise awareness among UNCOPUOS delegates on the work of the Group and to initiate discussion on the Draft Building Blocks.
The event comprised of presentations by participants of the Working Group. Prof. Irmgard Marboe introduced the event and welcomed the participants. The Executive Secretary, Dr. Giuseppe Reibaldi focused on the purpose and activities of the Working Group. Vice-Chair Prof. Olavo Bittencourt elaborated on the content of the 19 Draft Building Blocks and member Mr. Sagi Kfir spoke about the objectives of the newly-established Technical Panel. 
During the LSC session, the Dutch Delegation made a statement regarding the activities of The Hague International Space Resources Governance Working Group and distributed a factsheet including all relevant information.
State visit of the King and Queen of The Netherlands to Luxembourg
On 24 May 2018, Members and Consortium Partners, Assistant Prof. Masson-Zwaan (International Institute of Air and Space Law) and Prof. Hofmann (University of Luxembourg) had the honour of addressing the King and Queen of the Netherlands and the Grand-Duc and Grand-Duchess of Luxembourg during the State visit of the Dutch Royal couple to Luxembourg. They addressed the teaching of space law at their respective universities and their academic cooperation, the legal aspects of space mining, and the work of the Working Group together with students from the two universities. The use of space resources was the theme of the Royal's visit to the Belval Campus of the University of Luxembourg, where the ispace, represented by Member Kyle Acierno also presented their work and exhibited their lunar rover.
The I Latin American Workshop on Global Governance of Space Resources was organised by the Catholic University of Santos from 16 to 17 May in Santos, Brazil, under the coordination of Member and Consortium Partner Prof. Olavo Bittencourt Neto. Ms. Rosa Maria Ramirez de Arellano y Haro (Mexican Space Agency) and Mr. Ian Christensen (Secure World Foundation) were among the speakers.
7 June 2018, Washington DC, ABA Space Law Symposium
Several members and observers were among the speakers. The programme can be found here.
12-14 June 2018, Golden, Colorado, Space Resources Roundtable (SRR) and the Planetary & Terrestrial Mining Sciences Symposium (PTMSS)
Observer Prof. Abbud-Madrid was among the organisers and Chairs of the sessions. The agenda included the following topics: latest developments; economics, business and policy; space manufacturing and processing technologies; Mars, Moon and small bodies resources.

Upcoming events

3-5 July 2018, Noordwijk, ESA Workshop "Towards the Use of Lunar Resources"
The European Space Agency is organising a 3-day workshop on the topic of lunar resources use. Several Working Group participants are among the speakers. Members Mathias Link, Ian Crawford, Tanja Masson-Zwaan and Kyle Acierno, as well as observers Angel Abbud-Madrid, Jose Ocasio-Christian and Jim Keravala will present on various aspects of space resource activities. More information about the objectives and the schedule of the event can be found here.
11-13 September 2018, Moscow, First UN Conference on Space Law & Policy
Organised by the UN Office for Outer Space Affairs and the Government of the Russian Federation and hosted by Roscosmos. Applications are open until 1st July and more information can be found here.
1-5 October 2018, Bremen, International Astronautical Congress
During the past years, the Working Group has been presenting its progress report at the International Astronautical Congress. The first progress report was submitted to the 59th International Institute of Space Law Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space in Guadalajara, Mexico, and the second progress report to the 60th session of the Colloquium in Adelaide, Australia. The third progress report will be presented during the IAC Bremen, during session "5. The relationship between space law and cyberlaw and other recent developments in space law" of the IISL Colloquium.
27-28 November 2018, Luxembourg, NewSpace Europe 2018
The event will be organised before the face-to-face meeting of the Working Group, which will take place on 29 and 30 November in Luxembourg. More information will be available soon.
The Symposium on Legal Aspects of Space Resource Utilisation took place in Leiden on 17 April 2016  and was organised by the International Institute of Air and Space Law. It preceded the first face-to-face meeting and thus was the first event related to the Working Group. aPresentations were given by members and observers of the Workign Group concerning the status of the industry, national laws on space resources, the developments in UNCOPUOS and the relevance of space resources to the UN Sustainable Development Goals. The presentations are available here.
This newsletter was made possible with the assistance of Member Thomas Cheney (SGAC).The next edition is expected to come out in Fall 2018. Please keep us updated about things you would like to be included by sending us an email.
Copyright © 2018, The Hague International Space Resources Governance Working Group, All rights reserved.

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Hague International Space Resources Governance Working Group · Steenschuur 25 · Leiden, Netherlands 2311ES · Netherlands

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