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Vol 35, September 2019


INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON OCEAN, ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY 2019 (I-OCEANS 2019) is the first initiative of the Faculty of Ocean Engineering Technology and Informatics, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu in organizing international conferences which involved three major fields; marine, engineering technology, and sustainable environment. Therefore this year, the theme “Ocean Of Discoveries For Global Sustainability” has been chosen as I-OCEANS 2019 theme. The theme reflects our commitment in exploring aspects of scientific research, particularly in maritime, without comprising the global sustainability in protecting the natural environment, human and ecological health. The theme is further divided into four sub-themes, namely, Ocean Engineering and Oceanography; Nautical Science and Maritime Transportation; Electronics and Instrumentation; and Energy, Environment and Sustainability.

IOCEANS 2019 which held from 5th – 7th August 2019 has successfully attracted a large number of participation from students and academics. The ability to bring nearly 100 participants from various countries such as France, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Iran, India, Sri Lanka, and Mexico as well as local participants is a positive indication of higher awareness about research and innovation.

I-OCEANS 2019 officiated by Dato’ Haji Baharin bin Dato’ Abdul Hamid, Director General Marine Department of Malaysia. Also present at opening ceremony Professor Ir. Dr. Noor Azuan bin Abu Osman, Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic and International); Associate Prof. Ir. Dr. Mohammad Fadhli bin Ahmad, I-OCEANS 2019 Chairman; and UMT senior officers.

Dato' Haji Baharin, as Director General Marine Department of Malaysia in his speech mentioned, “Academician, as well as industry players and regulators have a sacred duty in ensuring that the advancement in marine technology and its application are not only economically viable but also environmentally sustainable. We owe it to ourselves and future generations to safeguard the continuous use of seas and ocean as well as its resources.”
“Sustainability in the marine industry does not mean abstaining from marine development nor does it mean forgoing the harvest of marine resources. To address sustainability as profit adverse is a false dichotomy. Ensuring sustainability in the marine industry would mean continuous prosperity.”

“Protection and conservation of the marine environment is the only way forward. Development of the marine environment and harvest of its resources can and must be done in a less harmful and ways to avoid permanent impact. We need to change our view, means of production and rate of consumption with regard to our marine resources.” 

“Toward that end, joint and holistic approach needs to be carried out by the regulators, industry players and academics to tackle these issues. The marine industry needs better technological tools and methods in improving the means of production, reducing the rate of consumption and preventing as well as mitigating harm to the environment, all in the name of greater sustainability.”

Source: Wan Salida Wan Mansor (, Faculty of Ocean Engineering Technology and Informatics 
On 23rd July 2019, another significant signing took place at UMT. The National Hydraulic Research Institute of Malaysia (NAHRIM) has agreed to collaborate with UMT, and the agreement was formalized through the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the two institutions under the Malaysian Government. This signing was held as part of UMT’s strategy to strengthen its research excellence in oceanography as the university’s niche area. 
The objective of the MOU is for the parties to collaborate in the preparation, promotion and research development in marine science, meteorology, physical oceanography, biological oceanography, geological oceanography, and chemical oceanography as well as facilitating training and teaching activities, besides enhancing expertise, data, and facilities that exist in both organizations.
The main activities that are on-going between both organizations are in the development of expertise, geological databases and research innovation encompassing Malaysian waters. To further strengthen the field of oceanography in Malaysia, UMT and NAHRIM will work together to promote marine science, oceanography biodiversity, and also contribute to the community. This collaboration is the starting point for strengthening the field of oceanography at the national and international level. 

Source: Effi Helmy Ariffin (, Faculty of Science and Marine Environment
A research paper on the variations on the effect of tax avoidance on analyst forecast in companies across 36 countries, led by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Akmalia M. Ariff of the Accounting Programme was recognized for its originality during the Malaysian Finance Association (MFA) Conference 2019 which was held from 31st July to 1st August 2019, at Sunway University.

The paper was co-authored with Dr.  Khairul Anuar Kamarudin of Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM). It is one of the authors' research series that focuses on incorporating the perspectives of the variations in the institutional environment across countries, in order to understand corporate accounting and reporting practices. The paper was selected for the MFA Best Paper Awards 2019, with the authors receiving a cash prize of RM1,000 and a publication opportunity in Capital Market Review. 

Dr. Akmalia and her co-author would like to express their gratitude to Professor Ferdinand Gul of Deakin University and their colleagues who gave their thoughts and valuable insights on the earlier version of the paper during the Visiting Professor's Research and Consultation Session for the Bachelor of Accounting program at UMT. Their utmost appreciation also goes to Universiti Malaysia Terengganu and the School of Maritime Business and Management for the financial support to attend the conference.

Source: Akmalia Mohamad Ariff (, Faculty of Business, Economics & Social Development
International Conference on Natural and Environmental Sciences (ICONES 2019) was held in Banda Aceh, Indonesia from 26th-27th July 2019 with the theme of “Sustainable Nature and Environment in the Industrial Revolution 4.0”. The conference was organised by the University Syiah Kuala (Unsyiah Kuala), Banda Aceh and focused on four main topics namely: i) Green and renewable energy, sustainable food, ii) Advanced material, iii) Biodiversity preservation and drug discovery and iv) Development and big data for a better life.

Four presenters were chosen as best presenters for each topic and Dr. Norasmah Basari from the School of Marine and Environmental Sciences (now known as Faculty of Science and Marine Environment) was chosen as the best presenter for the topic of “Biodiversity Preservation and Drug Discovery”. She presented her work on food exploitation by a stingless bee, Heterotrigona itama for colony sustainability.

Another researcher from UMT, Dr. Nur Aida Hashim, from the School of Food Science and Technology (now known as Faculty of Fisheries and Food Sciences) also joined the conference as an invited speaker presenting her work on assessing the abundance of dengue vector by cluster analysis.

Following the conference, researchers from Unsyiah Kuala are highly interested to collaborate with both UMT researchers for future research activities especially in the field of Entomology (the study of insects).

Source: Norasmah Basari (, Faculty of Science and Marine Environment
A workshop on Parasitology of Aquatic Animals was held at Institute of Tropical Aquaculture (AKUATROP) on 8th – 10th July 2019. It was organized and delivered by Associate Prof. Dr. Marina Hassan, who is an expert in fish parasitology and pathology. The lecture on molecular detection of parasites was delivered by Mrs. Norainy Mohd Husin.

Twelve fish farmers, 5 government officials, and 3 technicians participated in this workshop. It focused on delivering training in both theory and practice including hands-on activities like relating to fish parasites detection, diagnosis, treatment, control, and management. The workshop is beneficial to the fish farmers as they learned how to manage fish parasitic infections. They have gained new knowledge and technical skills. All the participants were engaged in hands-on practical sessions, active in asking questions and discussions. We would like to thank all the participants who gave positive feedback on the workshop.

Source: Farizan Abdullah ( & Marina Hassan (, AKUATROP

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Universiti Malaysia Terengganu · The Chancellery,  · Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu 21300 · Malaysia

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