My main question remains: are the White House, Justice Department and USDA going to actually take on corporate meatpackers like JBS, Smithfield and Tyson, maybe even aggressively fining them and breaking them up? Without upholding that end of the bargain, this plan is “all carrot—no stick.” The $1 billion investment in new processing capacity, if not directly supporting locally-owned and truly independent geographically diverse meat processors, could end up building capacity that the corporate meatpackers end up buying out in the future. I watched this happen (and sometimes participated) many times in the late 1990s and early 2000s when numerous farmer-owned cooperatives got up and running, only to get bought out for pennies on the dollar by larger, deeper-pocketed corporations. That’s a real possibility here too. And the ARPA funding being used for these investments does appear to be a shift toward larger facilities than previously discussed priorities, unfortunately.