Dear CDD Community of Practice Members,

It has been great to see so many of you in person and online over the past month, including at the Nigeria CDD-SPJ Learning Event, a knowledge-sharing event on CDD for the Central Asia CMU and the CDD Myths and Realities BBL At each of these events, your inputs and questions made for insightful and challenging discussions on key issues for our community. 

In March, we hope to see many of you at the SURR Forum and Learning Week (March 11-22).  We will use the opportunity of having many field-based SURR staff in town to have a meeting of the CDD GSG on March 12, plus thematic events on issues including CDD and Local Economic Development (LED) and Community Benefit Sharing and CDD and FCV sessions on March 13, and CDD and Next Generation Programs/Cutting Edge Work and Institutionalizing CDD on March 18. 

In addition, we are organizing the 2019 CDD Core Course on March 20-21.  The CDD Core Course is a two-day, hands-on practical training, designed to provide the World Bank staff interested in or preparing to lead CDD operations with the knowledge, skills, and network to succeed.  We will be sending out invites to you to register for these events shortly!

In this issue, we are pleased to highlight the recent Nigeria CDD-SPJ Learning Event, how technology platforms are connecting women farmers with agrimarkets in India, and how e-commerce is lifting rural Chinese out of poverty.

Finally, we want to say a big thank you to our CDD GSG/CoP members for agreeing to serve as resource persons during the SURR Forum and the Learning Week, and helping to keep our community strong, resourceful and creative!!

As always, we are eager to hear from you!  Please share any relevant information and materials that you feel would benefit our community and remember to stay in touch.

With best wishes,

Susan, Nik and Ashutosh
Nigeria CDD-SPJ Learning Event

From 28 to 31 January, the Social Protection and Jobs GP in partnership with the CDD GSG hosted a 4-day learning event on pro-poor service delivery for a delegation of 33 Nigerian Government officials in Washington DC.  The objective of the learning event was to deepen the experience of the Nigerian CDD/SPJ project managers and policy makers on the workings of CDD/SP type pro-poor programs and policies globally and to improve the design of future SPJ interventions in the country.  The learning event background note, agenda and presentations can be accessed here.  We would like to thank our CDD GSG/CoP members Parmesh Shah, Vara Vemuru, Nicolas Perrin, Kevin Tomlinson, and Christopher Finch for serving as resource persons for some of the sessions.  We are grateful for their support and contribution!  A BBL by the Nigerian delegation sharing Nigeria’s experience in using CDD and social protection approaches to foster inclusive development was also organized during the learning event.  Here is a link to their presentation.
Technology Platforms for Connecting Women Farmers with Agrimarkets (India)

We would like to congratulate the Bihar JEEVIKA Project team, particularly Parmesh Shah, Vinay Kumar Vutukuru, Mio Takada and Varun Singh, for winning the President’s Innovation Award for using technology platforms for connecting women farmers with agrimarkets. Bihar’s women maize farmers dependence on unregulated markets, unreliable market information and trading malpractices made them vulnerable to price volatility and higher transaction costs. JEEVIKA supported women owned/led, farmer producer companies (FPC) that use technology for mobile based crop/price advisory; electronic platforms for commodity trading; and mobile banking among others. These solutions have improved post-harvest practices, reduced transaction costs, and reduced farmers’ vulnerability to fluctuating market prices. Financial turnover has risen ten-fold and FPC membership is being scaled up from 1,000 to 10,000 within Bihar, and to 50,000 across India. Read more: presentation

The Power of E-commerce: Lifting Rural Chinese Out of Poverty

A unique government-private sector partnership such as Alibaba's Rural Taobao Program in China uses e-commerce platforms to give farmers a chance to earn more for their products and gives rural residents access to a variety of goods and services. The World Bank and the Alibaba Group are working together to better understand how China harnesses digital technologies to create jobs through e-commerce in rural areas. A new report summarizing the research will be released next year, but the early findings show that Taobao villages are prospering.
Half of the world’s poor live in just 5 countries
Of the world’s 736 million extreme poor in 2015, 368 million—half of the total—lived in just 5 countries. The 5 countries with the highest number of extreme poor are (in descending order): India, Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, and Bangladesh. They also happen to be the most populous countries of South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, the two regions that together account for 85 percent (629 million) of the world’s poor. Therefore, to make significant continued progress towards the global target of reducing extreme poverty (those living on less than $1.90 a day) to less than 3 percent by 2030, large reductions in poverty in these five countries will be crucial.
Exploiting the full potential of new technologies for data collection, monitoring, and conflict prevention

Collecting perception data in remote areas and fragile contexts can be extremely challenging, but can be helpful to understand who is excluded, who feels excluded, and to measure horizontal inequalities. Technology offers valuable tools to reach remote and conflict-affected areas for data collection.
India: Building trust in local governance institutions in Bihar’s villages

Can the construction of a local government office, equipped with manpower, furniture, fixtures, and other peripherals, help build responsive, inclusive, and accountable institutions?  The survey findings in Bihar show that where local government institutions have a permanent functioning office, the cost of accessing services from Gram Panchayats is reduced for local residents.  By contrast, in make-shift and temporary offices, citizens had to make several visits and wait much longer to access services and the transaction costs were greater.
Live from Conakry: it's a citizen engagement brainstorm!

The concept of engaging with citizen is a funny one - so simple and obvious, it’s hard not to roll your eyes and think of a wheel somewhere being reinvented. But the more you think about it, the more you realize: citizen engagement is what all governments currently grapple with. And that makes it the perfect topic to share with our Government partners. Because no matter where you are on the human development scale, chances are, your government is trying to develop new ways to engage with its citizen.
Kenya taps innovative digital mapping to enhance public participation

Digital mapping is increasing being used to provide information on the status, cost and location of development projects in Kenya. Digital mapping is particularly important for public participation, such as through participatory budgeting which aims to improve how counties spend public money on development. This is especially because public participation requires that citizens have accurate and up to date information.

Benin Early Years Nutrition and Child Development Project (P166211)

The project was approved on February 21, 2019 for $50 million IDA financing and aims to improve delivery of early nutrition and childhood development interventions and services in targeted areas of benefiting Communes in the country

Republic of Congo LISUNGI Safety Nets System Project II (P166143)

The project was approved on February 7, 2019 for $22 million financing (IDA additional grant of $9.16 million from the Refugee Sub-window and additional credit of $12.84 million) and aims to strengthen the social safety nets system and its programs aimed at improving both access to health and education services and productivity among poor and vulnerable households in participating areas.

Liberia Smallholder Agriculture Transformation and Agribusiness Revitalization Project (P160945)

The project was approved on January 15, 2019 for $25 million IDA financing and aims to increase to increase agricultural productivity and commercialization of smallholder farmers for selected value chains in selected counties of Liberia.

Niger Adaptive Safety Net Project 2 (P166602)

The project was approved on January 3, 2019 for $80 million IDA financing and aims to improve the capacity of the Niger adaptive safety nets system to respond to shocks and to provide access for poor and vulnerable people to safety nets and accompanying measures.


Working with Smallholders: A Handbook for Firms Building Sustainable Supply Chains

The development and strengthening of smallholder supply chains is a key challenge for many agribusinesses– especially those working in the poorest and most fragile emerging market economies.  The new Working with Smallholders handbook compiles innovative solutions to these challenges, incorporating case studies from across diverse regions and agribusiness sectors.  The purpose of the handbook is to enable the development of more sustainable, resilient and productive supply chains for agribusinesses and to illustrate the substantial development impact.

Mixed Migration, Forced Displacement and Job Outcomes in South Africa

The implications of migration on local jobs globally remains highly contested. The study estimates that immigration has had a positive impact on local employment and wages. Specifically, one immigrant worker generated approximately two jobs for locals. The study also underscores how legacies of racialized and spatialized inequality continue to influence how and where people move, where they settle and how migration is governed. The study emphasizes that while quantitative analysis is both instructive and invaluable, it may differ from locals’ and migrants’ perceptions and subjective evaluations of well-being.

Africa Social Development FCV Knowledge Cluster Newsletter

 SURR Africa Social Development brings new quarterly newsletter series, which addresses the opportunities and challenges stemming from fragility, conflict, and violence (FCV) across the region and updates you on most recent FCV work and events.


CDD GSG/CoP Work Program: What Lies Ahead?
Tuesday, March 12, 11 am – 12:30 pm., Preston

CDD and Local Economic Development (LED) and Community Benefit Sharing
Wednesday, March 13, 2:00 pm – 3:30 pm., NCC (off-site in Virginia)

Wednesday, March 13, 3:55 pm – 4:40 pm., NCC (off-site in Virginia)

CDD and Next Generation Programs/Cutting Edge Work
Monday, March 18, 2:00 pm -3:30 pm., Room: I 2-210

Institutionalizing CDD
Tuesday, March 18, 3:30 pm - 5:00 pm., Room: I 2-210

CDD Core Course
March 20-21, 2019, 9:00 a.m. – 17:00 p.m., Room: I 2-220


Knowledge-sharing event on CDD for the Central Asia CMU
February 6, 2019

Protecting and Promoting the Poor and Vulnerable in Nigeria: The Renewed Agenda
January 30, 2019

Nigeria CDD-SPJ Learning Event
January 28-31, 2019

Community-Driven Development:  Myths and Realities
January 22, 2019

CDD and Local Economic Development BBL in Rural Context
December 12, 2018

Towards Inclusive Development: Afghanistan's Citizens' Charter
November 6, 2018

Launching a Multi-Sectoral Platform to Accelerate Stunting Reduction in Indonesia
November 1, 2018

Pivot to Prevention: Addressing Exclusion from the Ground Up
October 30, 2018

Findings from a Long-Term CDD Evaluation in Indonesia
October 11, 2018

All events

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