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Dear CDD Community of Practice Members,

It’s been an exciting month for the CDD Secretariat!  Altogether the CDD GSG organized six learning events including our CDD core course during the SURR Forum and Learning Week, with very positive feedback from participants.

Many thanks to our CoP member for contributing so generously to the various CDD events during the SURR Forum and Learning Week!  This was a great opportunity to share all the exciting work you’re doing across the globe and take stock of what are exciting new frontiers for our CDD community.  The strength of our CoP rests with the knowledge and experience of our members, so thank you for sharing your insights and ideas.   We look forward to continuing to work with you to turn these ideas and opportunities into reality.

This month’s newsletter features CDD approaches in action in Peru and India, e-commerce for poverty alleviation in China, and a new working paper reviewing recent evidence on the impact of forced displacement on host communities.

As always, we are eager to hear from you!  Please share any relevant information and materials that you feel would benefit our community and remember to stay in touch.

With best wishes,

Susan, Nik and Ashutosh
FEATURE STORIES
CDD Events During SURR Forum and the Learning Week

The CDD GSG organized various sessions including a meeting of the CDD GSG on March 12, plus thematic discussions on issues including CDD and Local Economic Development (LED) and Community Benefit Sharing and CDD and FCV sessions on March 13, and CDD and Next Generation Programs/Cutting Edge Work and Institutionalizing CDD on March 18.  These events were well attended with very positive feedback from participants.  Many thanks to our CDD GSG/CoP members Sean Bradley, Ingo Wiederhofer, Varalakshmi Vemuru, Nicolas Perrin, Rob Wrobel, Janmejay Singh, Asha Narayan, Dianna M. Pizarro, Erik Caldwell Johnson, Maria Loreto Padua, John Van Dyck, Lina Abdallah, Ali Winoto Subandoro, Luiza Nora, Janelle Plummer, Holly Welborn Benner, Son Thanh Vo, Emcet Oktay Tas, Vivek Prasad, Samuel Lule Demsash and Colum Garrity for contributing so generously to these events.
2019 CDD Core Course

On 20-21 March, the CDD GSG held the 2019 CDD core course, with participation by 25 Bank staff representing multiple GPs and a mix of country office and DC-based staff.  As always, the two day course included hands-on practical training, combining principles of CDD approaches with operational insights from a range of case studies.  Participants brought to the course a broad range of professional backgrounds and current involvement with CDD operations, making for rich discussions, including with experienced task team leaders and sectoral specialists from our CoP that joined sessions of the course to share insights on design considerations, case studies, emerging issues, and a variety of other topics. Below, you’ll see the official photo – it’s a good-looking group of CDD practitioners! Click here to learn more about 2019 CDD core course and access course materials. 
BLOGS
E-commerce for poverty alleviation in rural China: from grassroots development to public-private partnerships

China’s rapid development of e-commerce has begun to reshape production and consumption patterns as well as change people’s daily lives. In 2016, the World Bank and the Alibaba Group launched a joint research initiative to examine how China has harnessed digital technologies to aid growth and expand employment opportunities through e-commerce development in rural areas. Emerging findings from that research show that rural e-commerce can evolve from grassroots development to become a potential tool for poverty alleviation with public-private partnerships.
Think local, act local: Working with civil society for better development outcomes in Burkina Faso
What are alternative models that leverage the core of CDD – thinking and acting locally – while avoiding the pitfalls? Through the REGLAB research initiative in Burkina Faso, efforts are being made to tap into the local knowledge, capacity, and mobilization potential of high-functioning CBOs and channel these towards promoting positive development outcomes for the broader community.
India: How to help communities break the vicious "disaster-poverty" cycle

Disasters caused by natural hazards can push the near poor to below the poverty line and contribute to more persistent and severe poverty, creating poverty traps. In a Bank project in India, inclusive post disaster strategies have been adopted with focus on vulnerable groups, including women, tribal populations, migrant workers and the elderly. Taking culture and context into account, initiatives have been implemented for vulnerable groups to address their specific needs and priorities.
Paradigm Shift: Peru leading the way in reforming mental health services

There is compelling evidence that community-based initiatives are improving mental health care in Peru. One of the main pillars of the Peruvian mental health reform process and its initial impact is its network of community mental health centers (CSMCs), as established by law, bringing service provision out of psychiatric hospitals into local settings, where providers engage patients, families and communities as active partners
Forced Displacement: How does it impact host communities?

Many host governments are grappling to develop evidence-based responses to the impact of refugee populations on the lives of host communities. A new working paper, “The Impact of Forced Displacement on Host Communities,” offers evidence-based analyses that provide initial answers to this question.  The study challenges popular assumption that forced displacement is invariably negative for host communities by finding that forced displacement is more likely to deliver positive outcomes for host communities.
PROJECT APPROVALS

Guinea Support to Local Governance Project (P167884)

The project was approved on March 22, 2019 for $40 million IDA financing and aims to improve local government capacity in managing their public financial resources in a transparent and participatory manner, and in mitigating local conflicts.

Ferghana Valley Rural Enterprise Development Project (P166305)

The project was approved on March 21, 2019 for 2019 $200 million IBRD financing and aims to support the expansion of rural enterprise activity and job creation in Ferghana Valley in Uzbekistan.

CASA1000 Community Support Project for Tajikistan (P165313)

The project was approved on March 21, 2019 for $24 million IDA financing and aims to increase the quality of, and access to, energy, social and economic infrastructure services, and to contribute to the strengthening of local governance in communities in the project area.

Scaling-Up Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Project (P164901)

The project was approved on March 14, 2019 for $25 million IDA financing and aims to provide access to improved water supply, sanitation and hygiene services in selected areas identified for nutrition convergence and strengthen capacity of select institutions to improve service delivery in Lao People's Democratic Republic.

Local Development Support Project (P163305)

The project was approved on March 14, 2019 for $70 million IDA financing and aims to strengthen local government authorities' capabilities to deliver services to communities in a responsive and accountable manner, and to support economic infrastructure development in participating provinces in Sri Lanka.

Reducing Rural Poverty and Malnutrition Project (P162565)

The project was approved on March 14, 2019 for $27 million IDA financing and aims to support the design and implementation of a nutrition-sensitive social assistance program to improve nutrition behaviors and enhance the convergence of nutrition-focused interventions in Lao People's Democratic Republic.

Emergency Multi-Sector Rohingya Crisis Response Project (P167762)

The project was approved on March 7, 2019 for $ 165 million IDA financing and aims to strengthen the Government of Bangladesh systems to improve access to basic services and build disaster and social resilience of the displaced Rohingya population in Bangladesh.

RESEARCH AND REPORTS

Desk Review on Livelihoods and Self-Reliance for Refugees and Host Communities in Kenya

This report is a stock-taking of relevant studies and assessments pertaining to livelihoods of refugees and host communities in Kenya, analysing and consolidating them with a focus on economic opportunities for refugees and host communities.

What Are the Economic Costs of Gender Gaps in Ethiopia?

Despite Ethiopia's remarkable economic progress over the past decade, gender gaps in key economic activities - agriculture, entrepreneurship, and wage employment - indicate that challenges remain to realizing the full potential of women's economic empowerment. This brief examines the costs of these gender gaps and estimates the potential gains from closing them.

Estimating Small Area Population Density Using Survey Data and Satellite Imagery: An Application to Sri Lanka

This study uses Sri Lankan data to demonstrate the feasibility of a bottom-up method that combines household survey data with contemporaneous satellite imagery to track frequent changes in local population density. The collective evidence suggests that combining surveys with satellite data is a cost-effective method to track local population changes at more frequent intervals.

Extreme Weather and Poverty Risk: Evidence from Multiple Shocks in Mozambique

The study finds that per capita food and non-food consumption and asset ownership are reduced among households affected by weather shocks. Their children are less likely to attend school, have a higher probability of falling sick and show higher engagement in paid and unpaid work. What's more, staple food prices are disrupted and remain affected nearly a year after the disaster.

RECENT EVENTS

CDD Core Course
March 20-21, 2019

CDD and Next Generation Programs/Cutting Edge Work
March 18, 2019

Institutionalizing CDD
March 18, 2019

CDD and Local Economic Development (LED) and Community Benefit Sharing
March 13, 2019

CDD and FCV
March 13, 2019

CDD GSG/CoP Work Program: What Lies Ahead?
March 12, 2019


Knowledge-sharing event on CDD for the Central Asia CMU
February 6, 2019

Protecting and Promoting the Poor and Vulnerable in Nigeria: The Renewed Agenda
January 30, 2019

Nigeria CDD-SPJ Learning Event
January 28-31, 2019

Community-Driven Development:  Myths and Realities
January 22, 2019

CDD and Local Economic Development BBL in Rural Context
December 12, 2018

Towards Inclusive Development: Afghanistan's Citizens' Charter
November 6, 2018

Launching a Multi-Sectoral Platform to Accelerate Stunting Reduction in Indonesia
November 1, 2018

Pivot to Prevention: Addressing Exclusion from the Ground Up
October 30, 2018

Findings from a Long-Term CDD Evaluation in Indonesia
October 11, 2018

All events

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https://collaboration.worldbank.org/content/sites/collaboration-for-development/en/groups/community-driven-development-global-solutions-group.html

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