Dear CDD Community of Practice Members,

We hope that all of you found time to spend with your friends and families over the holidays, got some rest, and are enjoying a good start to 2020! 

This month’s newsletter showcases several stories from the field, from Increasing employment and skills for Papua New Guinea’s Youth to the long-term impacts of refugees in host communities in Tanzania.  We are also pleased to let you know that we are once again partnering with Australia’s DFAT to organize the 2020 Asia Pacific CDD conference.  The conference will be the fifth in a series begun in Bali, Indonesia in 2013, with the most recent conference taking place in Colombo, Sri Lanka in 2018.  The focus of the upcoming conference, to be held from 11 to 14 February 2020 in Dili, Timor Leste will be on using CDD approaches to foster inclusion, resilience and decentralization. We hope to see many of you working in the Asia Pacific region at the conference!  In addition, we are looking forward to additional regional events in the Africa region later this spring – stay tuned for more details.

Over the past month, we also organized a well-attended BBL on promoting economic and social empowerment in poor and rural communities through digital technology. In addition, we participated in a DIME “smack down debate” on how CDD/people centered interventions should be integrated in water-related projects. Video recordings and materials from the BBL are now available in our knowledge library.

As always, we are eager to hear from you!  Please share any relevant information and materials that you feel would benefit our community and stay in touch.

With best wishes,

Susan, Nik and Ashutosh
Neighborhood Empowerment Network’s Promising Approach to Social Resilience
Neighborhood Empowerment Network (NEN) based in San Francisco is a cross-sector cohort of city-wide resident leaders, community-based organizations, city agencies, private sector stakeholders, academic and philanthropic institutions that align their expertise, programs, technical and financial resources to advance the development of tools, resources and methods that empower communities to strengthen their capacity to advance their resilience goals. By emphasizing investments in social cohesion and resident leadership, communities actively participate in mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery planning. The data shows that this type of experiential leadership development generates not only more culturally competent risk reduction strategies, but also increases essential trust levels that allow for accelerated recoveries from times of stress with reduced levels of social and economic trauma. NEN has developed its approach with the support of Harvard Kennedy School of Government, MIT Urban Risk Lab, Columbia University, Massey University, The Rockefeller Foundation, The Centers for Disease Control, FEMA and the leaders of communities that negotiated disasters such as Christchurch, New Zealand, Kingston, Jamaica, Boulder, Colorado and New Orleans, Louisiana. Here are the links to the NEN and Empowered Communities Program, and The NEN Leadership Academies.
Increasing employment and skills for Papua New Guinea’s Youth
This blog highlights the impact of the Urban Youth Employment Project (UYEP) in increasing employment and skills for young Papua New Guineans. Established in 2011, UYEP has engaged 18,500 youth in training and work placements, established 18,000 new bank accounts and created over 815,000 days of work around Port Moresby. Of young people involved in UYEP, 70 percent reported never having a job before UYEP, 33 percent never attended high school, and 35 percent were involved in crime. The success of UYEP has now led to a second phase, with a planned expansion to Lae, PNG's second largest city.
Does the impact of refugees on host communities pass down through generations?
This blog reviews a recently published paper (Intergenerational Impact of Population Shocks on Children’s Health: Evidence from the 1993-2001 Refugee Crisis in Tanzania), which sheds insights on the long-term impacts of sudden inflow of refugees on parents and their children in host communities. The authors' findings show that children who were born to parents who were living closer to refugee camps during their early childhood have lower height for their age and are more likely to be stunted, reinforcing the importance of addressing the needs of both host and refugee communities in settings of forced displacement.

India – State of Maharashtra’s Agribusiness and Rural Transformation Project (P168310)
The project was approved on December 17, 2019 for $210 million IBRD financing and aims to support the development of inclusive and competitive agriculture value chains, focusing on smallholder farmers and agri-entrepreneurs in Maharashtra.

Comoros – Social Safety Net Project Additional Financing (P171633)
The project was approved on December 16, 2019 for $18 million IDA financing and aims to increase poor communities’ access to safety net, nutrition, and community services.

Lao - Poverty Reduction Fund III Additional Financing (P170730)
The project was approved on December 2, 2019 for $22.5 million IDA financing and aims to improve access to community-prioritized basic services as well as to support the production and consumption of nutritious foods in the Project’s targeted poor communities.


Village Organizational Capacity Assessment Toolkit for CDD Projects
A significant portion of CDD project budgets goes towards capacity building (CB) efforts, which intervene through many different methods and target multiple levels, including individuals, communities and local government.  And yet, there is no standard diagnostic toolkit with which to measure the outcomes of this considerable investment. This toolkit is an effort to fill this gap and provide donors and governments with a way to test assumptions about capacity building in CDD and determine the merit of investments and whether they lead to better capacity outcomes. Here are the links to the toolkit and village organizational capacity assessment tool

Forced Displacement Literature Review
This literature review highlights recent publications, academic scholarship, and thought leadership on issues relating to forced displacement. Compiled by the Joint Data Center (JDC) on Forced Displacement, the review is organized into 11 themes: countries of origin, return, and restitution; education; gender and LGTBI; geopolitics of forced displacement and foreign aid; health; impact on host communities and host countries; integration, inclusion, and social cohesion; internal displacement; private sector; technology; and urban and local government. This review is intended to stimulate discussion and encourage the exchange of ideas.

Can Public Works Enhance Welfare in Fragile Economies? The Londo Program in the Central African Republic
The authors evaluated the LONDO public works program, which provided temporary employment and a bicycle to beneficiaries selected through public lotteries in the Central African Republic. The evaluation focused on the impacts of the program on households' welfare between 2 and 21 months after participation. The authors find that the program enhanced productivity that led to an approximate 10 percent increase in monthly earnings, increased beneficiary households' durable goods and productive assets; and significantly improved the ability of beneficiary households to cope with shocks. However, the authors find that women coming from the poorest households experienced much lower impacts on productivity and assets than men.

The Community-Driven Development CoP and GSG connects peers, thought leaders, and practitioners across governments, agencies, and academia, to share ideas and experiences on CDD approaches. This CoP/GSG is facilitated by the Global Programs Unit of the Social Development Global Practice at the World Bank, with inputs from around the world. 

To share papers, project news, interesting blogs, or upcoming events on CDD and other relevant themes with the CDD CoP, please email the CDD email or Ashutosh Raina.
To sign up for CDD CoP membership and receive our monthly newsletter, please click here

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