Dear CDD Community of Practice Members,

It has been great to see so many of you in person and online over the past month, including at the four (!) well attended BBLs that we organized over the past month, and where your inputs and questions made for insightful and challenging discussions on key issues for our community.
We hope to see many of you at the next BBL, on CDD and local economic development approaches in a rural context, on Wednesday, December 12 from 9 to 10:30 am in Room MC 2-520, so mark your calendars. CoP members from outside the Bank can click here to RSVP.

In this issue, we are pleased to highlight the implications of the recent UN-Bank Pathways for Peace study for conflict prevention in CDD operations, why social inclusion matters in forced displacement situations and findings of a recent IEG evaluation on engaging citizens for better development results.

Finally, our colleague Janmejay Singh reached out to the CoP last month for examples and experiences of recruiting NGOs for CDD facilitation via ‘non-consulting services’ (NCS), resulting in a lively exchange by task teams about their experiences, which is summarized here.

As always, we are eager to hear from you!  Please share any relevant information and materials that you feel would benefit our community and remember to stay in touch.

With best wishes,

Susan, Nik and Ashutosh

Nik Myint, Coordinator, Community-Driven Development highlighting implications of the Pathways for Peace study for CDD
In March 2018, the World Bank and the United Nations released the joint Pathways for Peace study on conflict prevention.  The Pathways study highlights the importance of exclusion and unfairness in generating grievances that can lead to conflict – and argues that addressing these grievances requires a focus on lagging regions, excluded groups, and perceptions of fairness in relation to the state and service delivery.  To operationalize these findings, the CDD GSG/CoP has partnered with the FCV Group to prepare a guidance note exploring opportunities for using CDD approaches to address exclusion and unfairness from the ground up, including through inclusive service delivery and having communities as partners in development. 
Examples of Recruiting NGOs for CDD Facilitation via ‘Non-Consulting Services’
Our colleague Janmejay Singh reached out to the CoP last month for examples and experiences of recruiting NGOs for CDD facilitation services via the ‘non-consulting services’ (NCS) method.  NCS is usually reserved for routine services e.g. IT repairs, translation, etc. and sometimes for technical services that don’t need intellectual input e.g. surveying.  Based on responses from CoP members, NCS  has been used for recruiting NGOs for CDD facilitation in several countries including in Nigeria, where under the Community and Social Development Project, NCS was used to contract NGOs for sensitization, awareness and mobilization of vulnerable groups within poor communities to prepare expression of interest for participation in the project and in some cases for preparation of group development plans funded by the project unit.  Responses from CoP members are summarized here, while the two documents (sample NCS contract agreement and request for bids) shared can be accessed here.
Social cohesion: Why does it matter in forced displacement situations?

The influx of refugees poses challenges for host communities under the best of circumstances, including a significant increase in the demand for public services, from hospitals, schools to water sources.  In a new study entitled “Social Cohesion and Forced Displacement,” the authors review what we know about how to address these challenges in a way that addresses tensions without raising the potential for conflict.  In this interview, our CoP member, Jo de Berry explains why it’s important to make sure that these situations are managed well, both for the refugees and for the hosts. 
Turning ‘people problems’ into ‘government problems’: Reflection of an outgoing District Head in Indonesia

Seventeen years ago, Indonesia embarked on its so-called big bang decentralization. Almost overnight, responsibility to deliver many public services was transferred to local governments. This was done, in part, with the hope that decentralization would make local government more agile and responsive to issues facing local communities.  In this blog, the outgoing head of Bojonegoro district, a district on the Indonesian island of East Java with a population of 1.2 million shares his reflections and experiences.
The Next Frontier– Enhancing Citizen Engagement in World Bank Group Projects

In this blog, the authors of the recent IEG evaluation, Engaging Citizens for Better Development Results, share key findings from their evaluation. According to the authors, the Bank has firmly embraced the citizen engagement commitment while the findings confirm that mainstreaming citizen engagement is both technically ambitious and politically challenging.

Bangladesh Sustainable Forests and Livelihoods (SUFAL) Project (P161996)

The project was approved on October 5, 2018 for $175 million IDA financing and aims to improve collaborative forest management and increase benefits for forest dependent communities in targeted sites.

Andhra Pradesh Integrated Irrigation and Agriculture Transformation Project (P160463)

The project was approved on October 23, 2018 for $172.20 million IBRD financing and aims to enhance agricultural productivity, profitability and climate resilience of smallholder farmers in selected districts of Andhra Pradesh.

Mali Reconstruction and Economic Recovery Project Additional Financing (P167396)

The project was approved on October 30, 2018 for $30 million IDA financing and aims to rehabilitate basic infrastructure and restore productive activities of communities impacted by the crisis in Mali.

Kenya Development Response to Displacement Impacts Project Additional Financing (P166266)

The project was approved on November 8, 2018, for $8.18 million Trust Fund financing and aims to improve access to basic social services, expand economic opportunities, and enhance environmental management for communities hosting refugees in the target areas.


Engaging Citizens for Better Development Results  

A recent IEG evaluation, Engaging Citizens for Better Development Results, looks closely at the early results of mainstreaming citizen engagement in Bank projects, at the challenges that the World Bank encountered in scaling up and broadening its engagement with citizens, and at the extent to which this process has contributed to achieve better development outcomes.

Tina River Hydropower Community Benefit Sharing Paper

This paper presents the strategic rationale and practical arrangements for a community benefit sharing scheme which is included as a part of the Tina River Hydropower Development Project (TRHDP) in the Solomon Islands. The World Bank is supporting the scheme as part of a Build, Own, Operate, Transfer public-private hydropower operation, which is also being financed by other private, multilateral and bilateral organizations.


Towards Inclusive Development: Afghanistan's Citizens' Charter
November 6, 2018

Launching a Multi-Sectoral Platform to Accelerate Stunting Reduction in Indonesia
November 1, 2018

Pivot to Prevention: Addressing Exclusion from the Ground Up.
October 30, 2018

Findings from a Long-Term CDD Evaluation in Indonesia.
October 11, 2018

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BBL: CDD and Local Economic Development in a Rural Context
Wednesday, December 12, 2018 | 9:00-10:30 am | Room MC 2-520
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