Dear friends and colleagues in the CDD Community of Practice,

We hope that many of you had the chance for some time with friends and family over the summer, and that those of you at the Bank had a good start to FY20!

As we embark on FY20, we wanted to review our collective work over the past year, and reflect on the findings of the June community survey to map out key areas of focus for the year ahead. 

Below you’ll find our annual report for FY19, recapping the impressive work that we did together over the past year.  Your hard work and contributions are what keeps the CDD CoP and GSG strong, resourceful and creative.
Here some key highlights:

Increased CDD CoP Membership
  • Growing from 792 members in FY18 to 1,020 members in FY19  
A growing World Bank CDD Portfolio across all GPs
  • 219 active projects in 79 countries, 72% are IDA or IDA/blend, valued at $21.6 billion in active financing in FY19
  • CDD portfolio is growing across the WB. More than doubled annual Bank lending for CDD operations, from $1.8 billion in FY15 to $4.1 billion in FY19. Other borrower and donor contributions for these projects totaled US$693 million in FY19, which included US$280 million from borrowers and US$413 million from donors
  • AGR and SURR have the largest CDD portfolios, followed by SPL and Water
Continued just in-time support for task teams
  • Responded on average to 5-6 helpdesk inquiries per week
  • Provided direct operational and analytical cross-support to projects in all 6 regions
Supporting a community of learners
  • Ongoing regular learning events: 9 BBLs this FY, with an additional 6 events at the GSURR Forum in March
  • Organized, jointly with the FCV theme group, a two-day global conference on using CDD approaches for conflict prevention in DC, with 60 participants representing 13 government delegations from across the globe
  • Organized, jointly with Social Protection GP, a three-day seminar for a high-level Nigerian
    delegation in DC on community-based approaches for inclusive development, with 33 government officials
  • Monthly newsletter: this is our 70th issue!
Ensuring quality and exploring frontiers in CDD
  • Working with teams on effective M&E strategies across projects
  • Partnering with outside organizations to develop improved measurements of social cohesion and developing standard field tools
  • Launched study on CDD in developed countries to foster policy dialogue and broaden pool of experiences
Building talent and strengthening mentoring
  • Held the CDD core course in March 2019 to prepare the next generation of TTLs from across a range of Global Practices
  • Ongoing career guidance and mentoring for staff and STCs interested in CDD
Increasing our effectiveness in situations of fragility, conflict and violence (FCV)
  • Prepared, jointly with FCV group, a guidance note on operationalizing the Pathways for
    Peace study in CDD operations
  • Launched SPF-funded global knowledge and innovation program on CDD and conflict
    prevention, supporting project-level innovations and global knowledge exchanges
  • Engaged with UN and external partners on using CDD approaches to achieve SDG16 on peaceful, just and inclusive societies
Responding to client demand for jobs and local economic development
  • Undertook global literature review on CDD and LED with territorial development GSG
  • Organized learning event showcasing project-level innovations in three of these projects
  • Offering cross support/TA to interested teams to design LED projects
We’d like to say a big thank you to our many members who shared their time, energy, and knowledge with our community – be it acting as expert panelists at our events or sending advice on a colleague’s question on CDD program implementation. We’re looking forward to another exciting year ahead with all of you!
Susan, Nik and Ashutosh
CDD remains an important strategy for governments around the world to respond to core development challenges, including increasing access to basic services, infrastructure and opportunities for poor communities. FY19 saw a 14 percent increase over the previous year in the level of financing (excluding Trust Funds) committed by the World Bank, from $3.6 billion to $4.1 billion.  In parallel, the overall value of the active CDD portfolio increased from $19.7 billion at the end of FY18 to $21.6 billion at the end of FY19.  
  • The number of active projects has increased, from 199 to 219, with CDD operations present in 79 countries, covering 72 percent of International Development Association (IDA) or IDA blend countries countries (the Bank’s fund for the world’s poorest countries) and 58 percent of countries affected by fragility, conflict, and violence (FCV). 

The CDD Community of Practice (CoP) is one of the largest in the Bank, with 1,020 members, of which about 35% are external (primarily government counterparts, development partners and academics). 
In line with our strategy (CDD Strategy Note) to promote effective ways for CDD approaches to help the world’s poorest communities, our communications efforts target a variety of topics and audiences.
  • CDD Websites – Reflecting the GSG’s commitment to supporting members of our CDD community of practice both inside and outside the Bank, we restructured and enhanced the materials on our external Collaboration4Development (C4D) site to provide operationally useful resources and a space to connect.   We also updated our internal CDD page on the Bank’s intranet to feature a new look and easier access to relevant information.  The internal CDD page (just type “CDD” in your browser while connected to the Bank’s network) includes the same resources as the external C4D site, as well as a number of resources of relevance to Bank teams, including a searchable database of Bank-supported CDD operations.
  • Newsletters Our monthly newsletter, “What’s Happening,” offers a roundup of the latest news, operations, research, and debates related to CDD.  This is our 70th issue and has a circulation of more than 1,000.

The CDD secretariat continues to organize a broad range of learning activities, in collaboration with teams inside and outside the Bank. 

  • International Conferences and Exchanges – The GSG delivered the first global conference on using CDD approaches for conflict prevention from 13-14 June, 2019 in Washington, DC.  Organized jointly with the FCV theme group, the conference brought together some 60 participants, representing 12 government delegations and task teams from all six of the Bank’s regions.  Supported by a grant from the State and Peacebuilding Fund (SPF), the conference emphasized interactive engagement across delegations to share knowledge and build networks for future collaboration.  While much of this was a closed-door event to facilitate frank conversations on what are often difficult topics, the event opened with a set of keynote speeches and a high-level panel on the morning of 13 June which was open to the public.
  • CDD Core Course – On 20-21 March, the CDD GSG held the 2019 CDD core course, with participation by 25 Bank staff representing multiple GPs and a mix of country office and DC-based staff.  The two-day course included hands-on practical training, combining principles of CDD approaches with operational insights from a range of case studies.  Participants brought to the course a broad range of professional backgrounds and current involvement with CDD operations, making for rich discussions, including with experienced task team leaders and sectoral specialists from our CoP that joined sessions of the course to share insights on design considerations, case studies, emerging issues, and a variety of other topics. Click here to learn more about 2019 CDD core course and access course materials. 
  • Nigeria CDD-SPJ Learning Event – From 28 to 31 January, the Social Protection and Jobs GP in partnership with the CDD GSG hosted a 4-day learning event on pro-poor service delivery for a delegation of 33 Nigerian Government officials in Washington DC.  The objective of the learning event was to deepen the experience of the Nigerian CDD/SPJ project managers and policy makers on the workings of CDD/SP type pro-poor programs and policies globally and to improve the design of future SPJ interventions in the country.  The learning event background note, agenda and presentations can be accessed here.  A BBL by the Nigerian delegation sharing Nigeria’s experience in using CDD and social protection approaches to foster inclusive development was also organized during the learning event.  Here is a link to their presentation.
  • Community of Practice Meeting and Happy Hour – On March 12, 2019, the CDD GSG organized a vibrant session to bring together members of the CDD CoP and GSG to review activities and discuss what lies ahead.  A panel of CDD experts from different regions and GPs talked about new and exciting things happening within their CDD portfolios.  This session provided a great chance to catch up with members of the community, network, ask questions, and brainstorm. On March 31, 2019, the CDD Secretariat organized a happy hour to facilitate informal knowledge exchanges and networking.

The CDD secretariat provides direct operational assistance, just-in-time advice, and other responses to requests from members of the CDD community. The CDD GSG also supports analytical work and knowledge products of relevance to clients, task teams, and partners that help enhance the quality of CDD operations.

  • Direct Operational Cross-Support - Once again in FY19, the CDD secretariat provided operational support to teams across all six regions.
  • Helpdesk Function - The CDD secretariat continues to provide just-in-time advice to the broader community of practitioners. This year, we responded to an average of 4-5 requests per week, maintaining a service standard of responding to requests within 48 hours. Inquiries included requests for document reviews, sample TORs, operational guidelines, and support finding specialized consulting services. In answering these requests, the secretariat often draws on the collective experience and knowledge of the CDD community, who continue to be generous in sharing their time, experiences and materials.
Guidance Note for Operationalizing the Pathways for Peace Study in CDD Operations
In March 2018, the World Bank and the United Nations released the joint Pathways for Peace study on conflict prevention.  The Pathways study highlighted the importance of exclusion and unfairness in generating grievances that can lead to conflict – and argues that addressing these grievances requires a focus on lagging regions, excluded groups, and perceptions of fairness in relation to the state and service delivery.  To operationalize these findings, the CDD GSG/CoP partnered with the FCV Group to prepare a guidance note exploring opportunities for using CDD approaches to address exclusion and unfairness from the ground up, including through inclusive service delivery and having communities as partners in development. 
In total, we had 28 respondents to the survey.  Most respondents found the CDD CoP to be delivering services useful to them in FY 19 (see figure 1).  We were glad to hear it!

In identifying key themes that you would like us to focus on in FY20, “local economic development”, “FCV”, analytics/M&E, and disruptive technology were the front runners (see figure 2).  In addition, participants expressed interest in topics including monitoring and evaluation, community benefit sharing, technology, social resilience, followed by a broad list of other topics, including urban CDD, social inclusion, institutionalization, CDD in Territorial development, and CDD specifically tailored for indigenous peoples.

Finally, when asked what you would like to see more of in FY20, we received lots of suggestions, including a focus on knowledge sharing (with a specific focus on thematic learning exchange among clients through Videocon and cross regional exchanges on particular topics), operational support ( both just in time support on FCV, LED and M&E activities), and a focus on expanding the knowledge base and building talent.  The full survey results are here, and if you have in the meantime thought of other pressing priorities, please send us an email to
In the coming fiscal year, the CDD secretariat will continue to
  • Facilitate knowledge exchanges across staff, government counterparts and development partners,
  • support learning opportunities, including generating and disseminating knowledge from operations, and
  • provide direct support to operations across the World Bank portfolio, with a goal of ensuring that together we remain at the cutting edge of developments in the CDD implementation around the globe.
In this work, we will continue to put a special emphasis on the top issues identified in the survey, e.g. CDD in situations of fragility, conflict and violence (FCV), using CDD approaches to foster local economic development (LED), analytics/M&E and disruptive technology.  This will include a mix of analytical and operational work, bringing together expertise and identifying innovations from multiple global practices and from beyond the Bank.
Please let us know if you are working on these issues and have insights to share or questions you want answered. 
The Community-Driven Development CoP and GSG connects peers, thought leaders, and practitioners across governments, agencies, and academia, to share ideas and experiences on CDD approaches. This CoP/GSG is facilitated by the Global Programs Unit of the Social Development Global Practice at the World Bank, with inputs from around the world. 

To share papers, project news, interesting blogs, or upcoming events on CDD and other relevant themes with the CDD CoP, please email the CDD email or Ashutosh Raina and we'll incorporate these in the next "What's happening in CDD" newsletter.
To sign up for CDD CoP membership and receive our monthly newsletter, please click here

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