Boosting Your Immune System Is As Easy As 1, 2, 3
What does your immune system do when it comes across a virus?
Your immune system is composed of various types of cells and molecules, like antibodies. The innate immune system is the body’s first line of defence against bacteria, viruses, infections and other forms of illnesses.
Every cell in your body is prepared and ready to make antiviral molecules when they come across an unknown intruder. Professor Pellegrini, a professor at Walter+Eliza Institute of Medical Research, talks about how cells in your body will be ready to make their own innate antiviral molecules that will do their best to inhibit, for example, viruses from multiplying and taking over your body. This immediate response produces substances called cytokines, and will cause fever and inflammation of the tissues as the cells start to die.
The next line of defence takes place when white blood cells try to identify the infection and release immune hormones in the body to help prepare other cells for the likely event that they might become infected.
Lastly, the third line of defence is the body’s adaptive system, which takes a number of days to set in. White blood cells, called T-cells, try to eliminate and kill off infected cells. Next, is the B-cells that construct and produce antibodies that will neutralise the infection or coat them with a substance for the T-cells to recognise.
What does this mean?
Right now, the issue with the new Covid-19 virus is that our immune systems do not know how to adapt to it, causing worldwide panic. If the immune system fails to stop the virus, it goes into panic mode and drives up the inflammation, mainly in the lungs. Hence, causing viral pneumonia. This is where our body needs to prepare and give our immune system some armour, to be able to fight against viral infections like this.
How do we boost our immune system?